Elderberry

Scientific Name: 
Sambucus nigra
Family Name: 
Adoxaceae
Plant Description: 
This is the European elder as opposed to the American elder that tends to sucker. It has dainty white flowers. It can be invasive to do harvest it as needed.
Plant Height: 
2-5m
Plant Use: 
Edible
Beverage
Medicinal
Repellent
Craft/Construction/Fibre
Dye
Danger
Of Interest: 
This is a plant with so many uses it was once known as the "Medicine Chest" plant. From using the stems to make flutes and dart guns, to making delicious Elderberry Champagne, the plant can also be used to make fritters, teas and medical concoctions. It also is a dye with the leaves prodcing a yellow-green colour, the bark a black or pink-violet colour (with a mordant) and the berries a purple. You can also rub leaves on your skin as an insect repellent! Immature raw berries are toxic.
Plant Type: 
Shrub
Small Tree
Climate: 
Cool
Temperate
Cool Temperate
Warm Temperate
Deciduous or Evergreen: 
Deciduous

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